Common Eye Conditions

Common Eye Conditions

  • Astigmatism: Astigmatism is a condition in which the cornea’s curvature is asymmetrical – sometimes, this is described as the eye being shaped more like a football than a baseball. The eye is therefore unable to focus clearly. This can be corrected with toric contact lenses.
  • Hyperopia: Hyperopia, is also called farsightedness. People with this condition can see clearly at a distance but not up close.
  • Myopia: Myopia is also called nearsightedness. People with this condition can see clearly up close but not at a distance.
  • Presbyopia: Presbyopia is a condition that usually affects people 40 and over. People with usually normal vision find it more and more difficult to read and do detailed work unless they’re very close up. People with presbyopia can find help in the use of reading glasses, or bifocal or multifocal contact lenses.

Common Medical Eye Conditions

  • Cataracts: A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye that can impair vision. It is the most common cause of blindness and more than half of all Americans age 65 and older have cataracts. The visual loss occurs because the clouding in the lens obstructs light from passing through to the retina at the back of the eye.
  • Macular Degeneration: Macular Degeneration is caused by the deterioration of the retina and results in a loss of vision in the center of the visual field. It occurs in both “dry” and “wet” forms and is a major cause of blindness and visual impairment in adults over 50-years-old.
  • Diabetic Retinopathy: Damage to the retina caused by diabetes that can eventually lead to blindness. It is an ocular manifestation of diabetes, which affects up to 80% of people that have had diabetes for over 10 years.
  • Glaucoma: A condition in which the pressure inside the eye is elevated because of excessive amounts of fluid (aqueous humor). This can damage the optic nerve and cause a range of impairment, from loss of peripheral vision, or blindness. Chronic glaucoma usually begins in people over the age of 40.